76th Annual Meeting of the APS Division of Fluid Dynamics (November 19, 2023 — November 21, 2023)

V0074: Lighting a Match in a Fire Extinguisher: Oxycombustion in a Supercritical Carbon Dioxide Turbine

  • Mohammad J. Rahimi, National Renewable Energy Laboratory
  • Marc T. Henry de Frahan, National Renewable Energy Laboratory
  • Bruce A. Perry, National Renewable Energy Laboratory
  • Olga Doronina, National Renewable Energy Laboratory
  • Shashank Yellapantula, National Renewable Energy Laboratory
  • Ian Cormier, 8 Rivers LLC
  • Marc Day, National Renewable Energy Laboratory
  • Michael James Martin, National Renewable Energy Laboratory
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1103/APS.DFD.2023.GFM.V0074

Carbon capture, utilization, and storage (CCUS) enables 

carbon-neutral use of fossil-fuels and carbon-negative use of biofuels.  One of the major challenges of CCUS is separating out the carbon dioxide from the exhaust gas stream.  The Allam-Fetvedt cycle addresses this challenge by re-engineering gas turbine technology to produce a stream of pure carbon dioxide.  To do this, the cycle uses oxycombustion of fuel, eliminating nitrogen from the combustion process.  The cycle then mixes the combustion products with a stream of carbon dioxide, instead of the air used in conventional combustion turbines.  After the water produced in the combustion process is removed, the cycle has a stream of almost-pure carbon dioxide that can be either used or sequestered.  However, making this cycle works requires that the combustion take place in a stream of high-pressure carbon dioxide: effectively trying to light a match inside of a fire extinguisher.  These challenges are compounded by the fact that combustion takes place at pressures where carbon dioxide is a supercritical fluid and does not behave as an ideal gas.  Simulations using the PeleC exascale combustion code on the Summit and Eagle supercomputers show key aspects of the flame, including the temperature and velocity fields, pollutant formation, and reaction rates.  These results can be used to accelerate the development and deployment of this technology. 

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