76th Annual Meeting of the APS Division of Fluid Dynamics (November 19, 2023 — November 21, 2023)

P0045: “Shaken, not Stirred”: Vortical Martini by Linear Sloshing

  • Xianyu Song, University of Waterloo
  • Daniel Xiong, University of Waterloo
  • Kaveeshan Thurairajah, University of Waterloo
  • Yuanhua Xu, University of Waterloo
  • Zhao Pan, University of Waterloo
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1103/APS.DFD.2023.GFM.P0045

When James Bond orders his classic Vesper martini, insisting it be “Shaken, not stirred,” no skilled bartender would contemplate shaking the actual glass, but rather their cocktail shaker. But what if we indulge our curiosity and shake the liquid within the martini glass itself? We conducted a series of experiments to set conical containers in periodic linear oscillations, inducing complex vortical flows, and producing beautiful patterns within the drink. For instance, gently shaking the martini glass from side to side (directions indicated by the arrowheads) results in the formation of counter jets and stagnant flows confined in the glass, creating circulation cells. By adding a dash of green food coloring, you can visualize a vibrant four-leaf clover, adding an enchanting touch to your St. Patrick's Day drink.

The swirling colors transform an ordinary drink into a spectacle, suitable for any occasion, and a basis for a new form of ‘mixology’. The Reynolds number is a precise control knob for the patterns and regimes: dial it up, and you’ll witness the turbulence of young love in your glass; dial it down a little, and creeping flow zigzags into triangles on a round free surface, forming the silhouette of phantoms for Halloween; continue the descent slightly, and you will unveil a skewed quadrupole reminiscent of Christmas candy. Finally, at the lowest setting, we reveal a perfect quadrupole clover.

The tips for all you prospective mixologists are a shallow martini glass, a collection of food dye and pearl dust for good visualization, no olives or orange peels to disturb the flow, and a little syrup in the drink, for example, to vary the Reynolds number to conjure a constellation of patterns from the humble martini. Most importantly, gently shake - not stir. Good luck!

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