74th Annual Meeting of the APS Division of Fluid Dynamics (November 21, 2021 — November 23, 2021)

P0024: Inside the freezing of a spreading drop

Authors
  • Rodolphe Grivet, LadHyX, CNRS, Ecole Polytechnique, Palaiseau, France
  • Antoine Monier, Institut d’Alembert, CNRS, Sorbonne Université, Paris, France
  • Christophe Josserand, LadHyX, CNRS, Ecole Polytechnique, Palaiseau, France
  • Axel Huerre, MSC, CNRS, Université de Paris, Paris, France
  • Thomas Séon, Institut d’Alembert, CNRS, Sorbonne Université, Paris, France

When a drop is gently brought in contact with a cold surface, it starts spreading and brutally stops, due to a balance between capillarity and solidification. Experiments show that the colder the substrate, the smaller the arrest radius.

We recorded bottom views of a drop spreading on a cold transparent sapphire (chosen for its thermal properties). The use of polarized light reveals the existence of ice crystals growing on the surface, and eventually stopping the contact line when they reach it. Depending on the substrate temperature, the crystal growth rate varies, as well as the number of growing crystals. Hence, the contact line is stopped at various times. This gives rise to the different shapes and aspects observed on the images.

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