74th Annual Meeting of the APS Division of Fluid Dynamics (November 21, 2021 — November 23, 2021)

V0031: Wave breaking of a parametrically forced stratified shear layer

  • Jason Yalim, Arizona State University
  • Bruno D. Welfert, Arizona State University
  • Juan M. Lopez, Arizona State University
  • M. Ryan Buchta, Arizona State University
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1103/APS.DFD.2021.GFM.V0031

A Boussinesq fluid inside a stably thermally stratified square container whose walls are inclined 45 degrees with respect to gravity, with two opposite walls kept at constant temperatures and the other two insulated, is nearly isothermal in the regions above and below the horizontal diagonal. The flow is concentrated in the wall boundary layers and a shear layer centered about the horizontal diagonal.  The equilibrium is maintained by the balance between dissipation in the shear and boundary layers, the heat fluxes at the constant temperature walls, and the induced flow resulting from the no-flux condition at the inclined insulated walls. For a small forcing amplitude and below a viscosity-dependent cut-off forcing frequency, this response exhibits a modal cellular structure localized about the shear layer. With increasing forcing amplitude, the response experiences instabilities, studied here numerically at a forcing frequency above the cut-off frequency, that are similar to those encountered in the Faraday wave problem, such as parametric subharmonic instability, triadic resonance and resonant collapse.

This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License. Any reuse must credit the author(s) and provide a link back to this page.