73th Annual Meeting of the APS Division of Fluid Dynamics (November 22, 2020 — November 24, 2020)

P0009: Gelation of a Turbulent Alginate Jet in Salt Solution

  • Sami Yamani, MIT
  • Yashasvi Raj, MIT
  • Gareth H. McKinley, MIT
  • Irmgard Bischofberger, MIT
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1103/APS.DFD.2020.GFM.P0009

We use high-speed digital Schlieren imaging to visualize a jet of alginate solution injected into a quiescent bath of salt solution. The alginate solution rapidly crosslinks upon contact with the salt ions and forms a column of elastic gel. The inertia of the jet carries the gel downstream and induces a buckling-type instability that results in the deformation of the elastic gel. The crosslinking of alginate locally changes the ion density of the salt solution which results in a small density difference and hence a refractive index difference. The difference cannot be detected with the naked eye, but can be visualized with Schlieren imaging, revealing turbulent mixing patterns. The jet diameter at the nozzle is 0.5 mm.

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